Dengue fever. Clinical features of 567 consecutive patients admitted to a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia

Samar Badreddine, Fahmi Al-Dhaheri, Ammar Al-Dabbagh, Abdulrahman Al-Amoudi, Maged Al-Ammari, Nader Elatassi, Haytham Abbas, Rami Magliah, Abdulbasit Malibari, Hani Almoallim

Abstract


Objectives: To delineate the clinical features and outcomes of dengue infection and to guide clinician of early diagnosis and identification of risks factors for dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Methods
: This study is a retrospective cross-sectional. Clinical records of 567 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of dengue infection, admitted to a single hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between January 2010 and  June 2014 were reviewed.

Results
: Dengue infection was most common in adult males. Sixty-eight percent of infections were in Saudi nationals. In addition to the diagnostic clinical features, leucopenia and thrombocytopenia were typical of dengue infection. Approximately 4.1% of adult patients and 7.1% of pediatric patients developed dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Abdominal pain and vomiting were more common in patients developing DHF. Mean platelet count was lower in adult, but not pediatric patients developing DHF. Peak alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was higher in adult and pediatric patients developing DHF. Three patients died, 2 of them developed DHF. Ninety-eight percent of adult patients and 92% of pediatric patients made a full recovery.

Conclusions:   Dengue infection is common in Jeddah.  Abdominal pain and vomiting, thrombocytopenia, and elevated ALT are typical of severe infection, which is more likely to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

 

Saudi Med J 2017; Vol. 38 (10): 1025-1033
doi: 10.15537/smj.2017.10.20965


How to cite this article:
Badreddine S, Al-Dhaheri F, Al-Dabbagh A, Al-Amoudi A, Al-Ammari M, Elatassi N, et al. Dengue fever. Clinical features of 567 consecutive patients admitted to a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2017 Oct;38(10):1025-1033. doi: 10.15537/smj.2017.10.20965.



Keywords


Saudi Arabia; Dengue infection; Clinical features; Severe dengue infection; Dengue haemorrhagic fever

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