Physicians’ attire. Parents preferences in a tertiary hospital
Objectives: To assess Saudi mother’s preferences regarding Saudi children’s physicians’ attire, and its influence on the parents’ level of trust and confidence.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from January to April 2014. Our sample comprised mothers of pediatric patients in both inpatient and outpatient settings at National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Mothers answered multiple questions, including their preferences regarding male and female pediatric physicians’ attire, their preferences regarding their children’s physician’s gender, and the impact of physician’s appearance on mothers’ confidence.
Results: There were 259 female participants. Of all caregivers, 51.4% were 32-years-old or younger. Of those, 170 (65.6%) were educated (had completed high school or higher). Forty-four percent preferred that male physicians wear scrubs, while 5.4% preferred formal attire (tie, shirt, and trousers) and 27.8% preferred Saudi national attire (Thobe and shemagh). Most caregivers (57.9%) preferred that female physicians wear long skirts. Most caregivers (87.6%) preferred physicians to wear a white coat. Most (89.2%) believed that a physician’s appearance is very important.
Conclusion: Gender of the treating physician is insignificant to mothers. However, the level of trust in a physician is related to his/her external appearance. Most mothers prefer their children’s physicians to wear scrubs.
Saudi Med J 2017; Vol. 38 (4): 435-439
How to cite this article:
Aldrees T, Alsuhaibani R, Alqaryan S, Alzahrani H, Alharethy S, Alghunaim A, et al. Physicians' attire. Parents preferences in a tertiary hospital. Saudi Med J. 2017 Apr;38(4):435-439. doi: 10.15537/smj.2017.4.15853.
Chung H, Lee H, Chang DS, Kim HS, Lee H, Park HJ, et al. Doctor’s attire influences perceived empathy in the patient-doctor relationship. Patient Educ Couns 2012; 89: 387-391.
Al-Ghobain MO, Al-Drees TM, Alarifi MS, Al-Marzoug HM, Al-Humaid WA, Asiry AM. Patients’ preferences for physicians’ attire in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2012; 33: 763-767.
Maruani A, Léger J, Giraudeau B, Naouri M, Le Bidre E, Samimi M, et al. Effect of physician dress style on patient confidence. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2013; 27: e333-e337.
Kurihara H, Maeno T, Maeno T. Importance of physicians’ attire: Factors influencing the impression it makes on patients, a cross-sectional study. Asia Pac Fam Med 2014; 13: 2.
Chang DS, Lee H, Lee H, Park HJ, Chae Y. What to wear when practicing oriental medicine: patients’ preferences for doctors’ attire. J Altern Complement Med 2011; 17: 763-767.
Au S, Khandwala F, Stelfox HT. Physician Attire in the Intensive Care Unit and Patient Family Perceptions of Physician Professional Characteristics. JAMA Intern Med 2013; 173: 465-467.
Rehman SU, Nietert PJ, Cope DW, Kilpatrick AO.What to wear today? Effect of doctor’s attire on the trust and confidence of patients. Am J Med 2005; 118: 1279-1286.
Douse J, Derrett-Smith E, Dheda K, Dilworth JP. Should doctors wear white coats? Post Grad Med J 2004; 80: 284-286.
Sotgiu G, Nieddu P, Mameli L, Sorrentino E, Pirina P, Porcu A, et al. Evidence for preferences of Italian patients for physician attire. Patient Prefer Adherence 2012; 6: 361-367.
Gallagher J, Waldron Lynch F, Stack J, Barragry J. Dress and address: patient preferences regarding doctor’s style of dress and patient interaction. Ir Med J 2008; 101: 211-213.
Lill MM, Wilkinson TJ. Judging a book by its cover: descriptive survey of patients’ preferences for doctors’ appearance and mode of address. BMJ 2005; 331: 1524-1527.
Matsui D, Cho M, Rieder MJ. Physician’s attire as perceived by young children and their parents: the myth of the white coat syndrome. Pediatr Emerg Care 1998; 14: 198-201.
Edwards R, Saladyga A, Schriver J, Davis K. Patient attitudes to surgeons’ attire in an outpatient clinic setting: Substance over style. Am J Surg 2012; 204: 663-665.
Major K, Hayase Y, Balderrama D, Lefor A. Attitudes regarding surgeons’ attire. Am J Surg 2005; 190; 103-106.
Yamada Y, Takahashi O, Ohde S, Deshpande G, Fukui T. Patients’ preferences for Doctors’ Attire in Japan. Intern Med 2010; 49: 1521-1526.
Harnett PR. Should doctors wear white coats? MJA 2001; 174: 343-344.
Al-Ghobain M, Al-Drees T, Alarifi M, Al-Marzoug H, Al-Humaid W, Asiry A. Patients’ preferences for physicians’ attire in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2012; 33: 763-767.
Shelton CL, Raistrick C, Warburton K, Siddiqui KH. Can changes in clinical attire reduce likelihood of cross-infection without jeopardising the doctor-patient relationship? J Hosp Infect 2010; 74: 22-29.
Saudi Medical Journal is copyright under the Berne Convention and the International Copyright Convention. Saudi Medical Journal is an Open Access journal and articles published are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (CC BY-NC). Readers may copy, distribute, and display the work for non-commercial purposes with the proper citation of the original work. Electronic ISSN 1658-3175. Print ISSN 0379-5284.