Nurses’ compliance with central line associated blood stream infection prevention guidelines

Sami M. Aloush, Faris A. Alsaraireh

Abstract


Objective: To assess nurses’ compliance with central line associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) prevention guidelines related to maintenance of the central line and the predictors of compliance.

Method: This was an observational study that used a descriptive cross-sectional design. A sample of 171 intensive care unit (ICU) nurses were observed and their compliance was recorded on a structured observational sheet. The study was conducted in the ICUs of 15 hospitals located in 5 cities in Jordan. Data were collected over a 5-month period from March to July 2017. Central lines were all inserted by physicians inside the ICUs.

Results: One hundred and twenty participants (70%) showed sufficient compliance. The mean compliance scores were 14.2±4.7 (min=8, max=20); however, the rate of CLABSI was variable across the participating ICUs. Logistic regression with 4 independent variables (years of experience, previous education with CLABSI, nurse-patient ratio and the ICU’s bed capacity) was conducted to investigate predictors of sufficient compliance. The model was significant (χ2(4)=133.773, p=0.00). The nurse-patient ratio was the only significant predictor. Nurses with a 1:1 nurse:patient ratio demonstrated superior compliance over their counterparts with a 1:2 ratio.

Conclusion: Further improvement in compliance and patients’ outcomes could be achieved by lowering the nurse-patient ratio.

 

Saudi Med J 2018; Vol. 39 (3): 273-279
doi: 10.15537/smj.2018.3.21497

How to cite this article:

Aloush SM, Alsaraireh FA. Nurses' compliance with central line associated blood stream infection prevention guidelines. Saudi Med J. 2018 Mar;39(3):273-279. doi: 10.15537/smj.2018.3.21497.



Keywords


central line associated bloodstream infection prevention guidelines

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